Since the dawn of time women have been regarded as the ‘fairer’ and ‘weaker’ sex, aphorisms which are out-dated. However there were a number of role models who rallied against these stereotyped terms. Cleopatra, a strong and intelligent woman who ruled a country; Joan of Arc, who was burnt at the stake because men (the English with whom the French were at war with at the time) were scared of her ability to lead an army and the fact she was a girl who commanded loyalty; and Margaret Thatcher who was Prime Minister of England for a long time (11 years), a very influential and respected international leader. In Greek Mythology, there was a female whose characteristics reflect those just mentioned—Artemis, the Goddess of the hunt and childbirth.
Artemis was the daughter of Leto and Zeus and sister of Apollo, her twin brother. How she became a goddess of childbirth was through Hera’s interference. When her mother Leto was in labour, Hera captured Illithyia who was the Goddess of childbirth, to stop the babies from being born. Regardless, Artemis was born first and then assisted in her brother’s birth.
While a toddler, Artemis asked her father to grant her several wishes. One was to remain a virgin, faithful hounds, a chariot and nymphs as her companions while hunting. He granted her wish and in turn, her companions had to also remain virgins. This aspect was reflected in the daily life of young girls who were initiated in the cult of Artemis at puberty. Before they married, they would offer toys, dolls, locks of their hair on an altar to the goddess.
Each immortal was given a realm to rule over and Artemis had jurisdiction over the wilderness. She would not only hunt but also protected animals. This part of her myth explained the need for humans to eat as well as respect animals.
Artemis had a less virtuous side. If wronged, she would mete out punishment, most ending in the person’s death. In the case of Actaeon, a Theban prince who was out hunting spied her bathing. Artemis offended by his staring, turned him into a stag and set his own hounds to kill him. Chione killed for her pride and vanity. Brothers Otus and Ephialtes had kidnapped Ares. Artemis changed herself into a deer and when the brothers were out hunting, she ran between them. They threw their javelin at the deer and killed each other instead.
She was a beautiful goddess and usually depicted wearing a short khiton and armed with a bow and quiver. Despite her importance, she wasn’t worshipped much in Greece but in Asia Minor, she was the principal deity. The city of Ephesus had a temple built in her honour and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. She held the title as earth and fertility goddess. The statues created demonstrated her connectivity with Mother Nature.
Next is Demeter, the goddess of fertility and crops. I always look forward to your comments, so please feel free to drop a line.
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Great post. When I was in Greece last year, I visited as many museums as I possibly could. The statues and stories of the Goddesses were most fascinating. I studied Art History as a minor, but nothing compares to actually being there and experiencing this awesome history/mythology first hand. Cheers.
Thank you Daniel. 🙂
You are so right. The pieces of statue are amazing and to see them and standing so close was inspiring. I got to the new Akropolis Museum in 2010. Now that was sublime.
Yes, the new Akropolis Museum is indeed something very special (great statue of Athena). Other museums I found fascinating were the Royal Tombs of Vergina Museum; The Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki; The Archaeological Museum of Pella; The Archaeological Museum of Dion; The Delphi Archaeological Museum; and The Archaeological Museum of Paros, among others. I also enjoyed Dion Archaeological Park (this was truly breathtaking); The Pella Archaeological Site; and other similar experiences. There wasn’t a single moment in Greece I did not enjoy.
I have a bit of catching up to do! I went to the Benaki Museum in Athens. That was wonderful too. I agree, I loved all of Greece.
I never made it to the Benaki Museum, or the Archaeological Museum of Athens. I shall try to cover these on my next trip. If I had to pick one place out of all those I mentioned previously, to most highly recommend, it would be Dion Archaeological Park ( http://www.ancientdion.org/ ). If you are a fan of Alexander the Great, this is a ‘must see’, but even if you aren’t, it’s just such a beautiful area. Mt. Olympus, from the park, simply looks stunning.
I will definitely go next time and try to see as many of the museums and parks you have recommended. Thank you so much Daniel.
My pleasure. Have fun. And – here’s one for the road: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1n3n2Ox4Yfk
That was incredible and Sean Connery, what a voice. Thank you for sharing the link Daniel 🙂
I listened to that audio while I was actually on Ithaca (sadly, only for two days). It really is as beautiful as the myths proclaim.
Glad you enjoyed.
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